Should my husband be treated if i have bv
Bacterial vaginosis is a mild infection in the vagina caused by a type of bacteria germ. It also contains a few other types of bacteria, called anaerobes. Too many anaerobes can cause bacterial vaginosis. It is not known why the anaerobe bacteria overgrow and cause this infection.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What is Bacterial Vaginosis? (Vaginal Bacterial Overgrowth)
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What Is Vaginitis? (Vaginal Inflammation)Content:
Bacterial Vaginosis (Gardnerella Vaginitis)
All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Bacterial vaginosis BV is a condition caused by changes in the amount of certain types of bacteria in your vagina. BV is common, and any woman can get it. BV is easily treatable with medicine from your doctor or nurse.
If left untreated, it can raise your risk for sexually transmitted infections STIs and cause problems during pregnancy.
BV can develop when your vagina has more harmful bacteria than good bacteria. BV is the most common vaginal condition in women ages 15 to Researchers are still studying how women get BV. You can get BV without having sex, but BV is more common in women who are sexually active. Having a new sex partner or multiple sex partners, as well as douching, can upset the balance of good and harmful bacteria in your vagina. This raises your risk of getting BV. Only your doctor or nurse can tell you for sure whether you have BV.
They have similar symptoms, so it can be hard to know if you have BV or a yeast infection. Only your doctor or nurse can tell you for sure if you have BV. With BV, your discharge may be white or gray but may also have a fishy smell.
Discharge from a yeast infection may also be white or gray but may look like cottage cheese. There are tests to find out if you have BV. Your doctor or nurse takes a sample of vaginal discharge. Your doctor or nurse may then look at the sample under a microscope, use an in-office test, or send it to a lab to check for harmful bacteria.
Your doctor or nurse may also see signs of BV during an exam. If you get BV, your male sex partner won't need to be treated. But, if you are female and have a female sex partner, she might also have BV. If your current partner is female, she needs to see her doctor. She may also need treatment. It is also possible to get BV again. BV and vaginal yeast infections are treated differently. BV is treated with antibiotics prescribed by your doctor. Yeast infections can be treated with over-the-counter medicines.
But you cannot treat BV with over-the-counter yeast infection medicine. If BV is untreated, possible problems may include: 6.
The medicine used to treat BV is safe for pregnant women. All pregnant women with symptoms of BV should be tested and treated if they have it. If you do have BV, you can be treated safely at any stage of your pregnancy. You will get the same antibiotic given to women who are not pregnant. For more information about bacterial vaginosis, call the OWH Helpline at , or contact the following organizations:.
Department of Health and Human Services. Citation of the source is appreciated. This content is provided by the Office on Women's Health.
Language Assistance Available. Skip to main content. Popular topics Vision and mission Leadership Programs and activities In your community Funding opportunities Internships and jobs View all pages in this section. A-Z Health Topics. Subscribe To receive Publications email updates. Bacterial vaginosis. Expand all. What is bacterial vaginosis BV? Who gets BV? About 1 in 4 pregnant women get BV. Are African-American. BV is twice as common in African-American women as in white women.
How do you get BV? What are the symptoms of BV? Many women have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they may include: Unusual vaginal discharge. The discharge can be white milky or gray.
It may also be foamy or watery. Some women report a strong fish-like odor, especially after sex. What is the difference between BV and a vaginal yeast infection? How is BV diagnosed? They might cover odors that can help your doctor diagnose BV. They can also irritate your vagina. Make an appointment for a day when you do not have your period. How is BV treated? What can happen if BV is not treated?
Pregnancy problems. What should I do if I have BV? BV is easy to treat. If you think you have BV: See a doctor or nurse. Take all of your medicine. Avoid sexual contact until you finish your treatment. Is it safe to treat pregnant women who have BV?
How can I lower my risk of BV? Researchers do not know exactly how BV spreads. Steps that might lower your risk of BV include: Keeping your vaginal bacteria balanced. Use warm water only to clean the outside of your vagina.
You do not need to use soap. Even mild soap can cause irritate your vagina. Keep the area cool by wearing cotton or cotton-lined underpants. Not douching. Douching upsets the balance of good and harmful bacteria in your vagina. This may raise your risk of BV.
It may also make it easier to get BV again after treatment. Doctors do not recommend douching. Not having sex. You can get BV without having sex, but BV is more common in women who have sex. Limiting your number of sex partners.
Researchers think that your risk of getting BV goes up with the number of partners you have. How can I protect myself if I am a female and my female partner has BV?
If your partner has BV, you might be able to lower your risk by using protection during sex. A dental dam is a thin piece of latex that is placed over the vagina before oral sex. Cover sex toys with condoms before use. Remove the condom and replace it with a new one before sharing the toy with your partner. Did we answer your question about BV? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Bacterial Vaginosis. Klebanoff, M. Personal Hygienic Behaviors and Bacterial Vaginosis.
Sex Transm Dis ; 37 2
Can males get bacterial vaginosis?
Having sex when you have a vaginal infection or vaginal inflammation may be uncomfortable and might make your symptoms worse. If the source of your infection is a sexually transmitted infection, you may also spread the infection to your partner. If you have chronic yeast infections candidiasis , confirmed by a doctor, you may have sex without concern for worsening symptoms as long as you're comfortable. Yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis aren't sexually transmitted infections, but having new sexual partners increases the risk of bacterial vaginosis.
All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Bacterial vaginosis BV is a condition caused by changes in the amount of certain types of bacteria in your vagina. BV is common, and any woman can get it.
Monogamy May Up Chances a Vaginal Infection Will Recur
Bacterial Vaginosis – CDC Fact Sheet
As many women will know, having sex can trigger a bout of bacterial vaginosis, or BV, and recurring BV can really spoil the mood for you. BV is one of the most common vaginal conditions it is estimated to affect one in three of us , yet not many people have heard of it — in fact, symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are often confused with a yeast infection or thrush symptoms. BV is probably the last thing you want to be thinking about during sex, but if you are prone to recurring BV and sex might trigger your bacterial vaginosis symptoms, then there are some things you can do to help reduce the chances of developing BV after sex. As well as protecting you from STIs it will help prevent semen from entering the vagina.
She was diagnosed by her doctor with bacterial vaginosis BV , a complicated condition that's difficult to diagnose, harder to treat, and profoundly affects the health and wellbeing of Australian women. In fact, it is the leading cause of abnormal vaginal discharge in women of reproductive age. When the BV returned after she resumed sexual activity, Jessica was prescribed antibiotics which in turn led to a case of thrush a yeast infection caused by the overgrowth of Candida albicans yeast.
Men could be key to vaginal infection cure
He seemed a little upset and told me that he thought she was cheating on him. BV is caused when the environment inside the vagina is out of balance. In a healthy vagina there are millions of micro-organisms keeping things in perfect balance.
Bacterial vaginosis BV is the most common cause of unusual vaginal discharge. One in three people with a vagina get it at some time. People who have bacterial vaginosis have:. Hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle, receiving oral sex, semen in the vagina after sex without a condom, an intrauterine contraceptive device IUD and genetic factors may also play a part. If you think you may have it, talk to a doctor or nurse who might recommend a test if you have signs and symptoms. You may notice these yourself or they may be noticed by a doctor or nurse during a vaginal examination.
Bacterial Vaginosis: What Women Need to Know
The content here can be syndicated added to your web site. Print Version pdf icon. Bacterial vaginosis BV is a condition that happens when there is too much of certain bacteria in the vagina. This changes the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina. Researchers do not know the cause of BV or how some women get it. We do know that the condition typically occurs in sexually active women. Having a new sex partner or multiple sex partners, as well as douching, can upset the balance of bacteria in the vagina. This places a woman at increased risk for getting BV.
Bacterial Vaginosis BV is a common vaginal infection. It affects one of every five women of childbearing age. A normal, healthy vagina has mostly healthy or "good" bacteria and very few unhealthy or "bad" bacteria. BV develops when the pH balance or level of acidity in your vagina is upset.
Having multiple sex partners increases the risk of bacterial vaginosis — an imbalance of vaginal bacteria that can cause pain and itching in women — but a new study suggests that being faithful to one partner may cause the infection to recur. Women in the study who were treated for bacterial vaginosis BV were about twice as likely to experience a recurrence if they had sexual intercourse with the same partner before and after treatment, compared to women who had a new sexual partner, or no partner, after treatment. Antibiotics can cure symptoms of BV in about 80 percent of women. However, in up to 50 percent of women, symptoms come back 3 to 12 months after treatment, the researchers said.
What's hard to diagnose, hard to treat, affects 10 to 15 per cent of Australian women — and could turn out to be sexually transmissible? While this is early research, circumcision appears to be linked to a reduction of these bacteria in men. Studies also suggest that women who are treated for BV may have high rates of recurrence because they are re-infected after sex with their partner after treatment. BV is distressing for women on many counts.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal odor and discharge. It is caused by a change in the type of bacteria found in the vagina. Normally, bacteria belonging mostly to the Lactobacillus family live harmlessly in the vagina and produce chemicals that keep the vagina mildly acidic. In bacterial vaginosis, Lactobacillus bacteria are replaced by other types of bacteria that normally are present in smaller concentrations in the vagina. Scientists do not fully understand the reason for this change.