You should look at least blank seconds ahead of your car
To be a safe driver, you need space all around your vehicle. When things go wrong, space gives you time to think and to take action. To have space available when something goes wrong, you need to manage space. While this is true for all drivers, it is very important for large vehicles. They take up more space and require more space for stopping and turning.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Michael Moore Presents: Planet of the Humans - Full Documentary - Directed by Jeff Gibbs
Challenges of Night Driving
To be a safe driver, you need space all around your vehicle. When things go wrong, space gives you time to think and to take action. To have space available when something goes wrong, you need to manage space. While this is true for all drivers, it is very important for large vehicles. They take up more space and require more space for stopping and turning.
Of all the space around your vehicle, it is the area ahead of the vehicle - the space you are driving into - that is most important. You need space ahead in case you must suddenly stop. According to accident reports, the vehicle that trucks and buses most often run into is the one in front of them. The most frequent cause is following too closely.
Remember, if the vehicle ahead of you is smaller than yours, it can probably stop faster than you can. You may crash if you are following too closely.
One good rule for how much space you should keep in front of you is at least 1 second for each 10 feet of vehicle length at speeds below 40 mph. At greater speeds, you must add 1 second for safety. For example, if you are driving a foot vehicle, you should leave 4 seconds between you and the vehicle ahead.
In a foot rig, you will need 6 seconds. Over 40 mph, you would need 5 seconds for a foot vehicle and 7 seconds for a foot vehicle. To know how much space you have, wait until the vehicle ahead passes a shadow on the road, a pavement marking, or some other clear landmark. Compare your count with the rule of 1 second for every 10 feet of length.
If you are driving a 40 foot truck and only counted up to 2 seconds, you are too close. Drop back a little and count again until you have 4 seconds of following distance or 5 seconds, if you are going over 40 mph.
After a little practice, you will know how far back you should be. Remember to add 1 second for speeds above 40 mph. Also remember that when the road is slippery, you need much more space to stop.
Heavy vehicles are often tailgated when they cannot keep up with the speed of traffic. This often happens when you are going uphill. If a heavy load is slowing you down, stay in the right lane if you can. Going uphill, you should not pass another slow vehicle unless you can get around quickly and safely.
In a large vehicle, it is often difficult to see whether a vehicle is close behind you. You may be tailgated:. If you are being tailgated, do the following to reduce the chances of an accident:. Commercial vehicles are often wide and take up most of a lane. Safe drivers will manage what little space they have by keeping their vehicle centered in the lane and avoiding driving alongside others.
This is another very important section to understand. It is asked quite a bit on the written exam. You need to understand the full concept, but here are the main points:. Truck drivers who regularly pick up from or deliver to the shipping ports will often be required to carry a TWIC card. Your TWIC is a tamper-resistant biometric card which acts as both your identification in secure areas, as well as an indicator of you having passed the necessary security clearance.
TWIC cards are valid for five years. These types of questions almost always show up during the written exam. Remember: For every 10ft of you vehicles length, you need 1 second of following distance.
Anything over 40mph, add 1 second to your total. It is very important that you understand this and can calculate proper following distance for any vehicle length and any speed. A question regarding safe following distance will very likely show up on your written exam. Be sure to understand the safe driving distance formula. If you are being tailgated, do the following to reduce the chances of an accident: Avoid quick changes. If you have to slow down or turn, signal early and reduce speed very gradually.
Increase your following distance. Opening up room in front of you will help you avoid having to make sudden speed or direction changes. It also makes it easier for the tailgater to get around you. Do not speed up. It is safer to be tailgated at a low speed than a high speed. Avoid tricks. Do not turn on your taillights or flash your brake lights. Follow the suggestions above. Then count off the seconds like this: "one thousand-and-one, one thousand-and-two" and so on, until you reach the same spot.
If you are driving a foot truck and only counted up to 2 seconds, you are too close. Make sure you memorize the following distance formula of 1 second of following distance for every 10ft of vehicle length adding 1 second for speeds exceeding 40mph. These types of questions are very common during the written exam and can be a bit confusing as they change the size of the vehicle as well as their speeds.
But it's rather simple to calculate: For each 10 feet of vehicle, you need 1 second of following distance. Anything over 40mph, simply add 1 second to your total. Of all the space around your vehicle, it is the area ahead of the vehicle—the space you are driving into—that is most important.
Knowing how to calculate proper following distance is very important and will likely show up on your written exam. Please go over this section thoroughly in your CDL manual and be sure you fully understand how to calculate safe following distance. Did you know you can fill out one quick form here on TruckingTruth and apply to several companies at once for paid CDL training?
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Space Ahead Of all the space around your vehicle, it is the area ahead of the vehicle - the space you are driving into - that is most important. Test Your Knowledge How far ahead does the manual say you should look? What are two main things to look for ahead? What is the most important way to see the sides and rear? Where should your reflectors be placed when stopped on a divided highway What three things add up to stopping distance?
If you go twice as fast, will your stopping distance increase by two or four times? Empty trucks have the best braking. True or False? What is hydroplaning? You need to understand the full concept, but here are the main points: Maintain at least 1 second for each 10 feet of vehicle length at speeds below 40 mph. For speeds above 40mph add 1 additional second. While you don't need to memorize the below list word for word, you should understand the overall concepts.
A question about how to handle tailgaters may come up on the written exam. A dispatcher can play many roles, depending on the company's structure.
Dispatchers may assign freight, file requests for home time, relay messages between the driver and management, inform customer service of any delays, change appointment times, and report information to the load planners. What is the proper following distance for a 40 foot vehicle traveling at 35mph? If you are driving a foot vehicle at 55 mph, how many seconds of following distance should you allow? If you are being tailgated, you should do the following to reduce the chances of an accident:.
To determine your safe following distance, you should do all of the following except:. If you are in a foot vehicle traveling 55mph, what should your following distance be? What is the most important space around your vehicle? When a vehicle behind you is driving too close, you should do the following to reduce the chances of an accident except:. How much space should you keep in front of you while driving?
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Safe following distances
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According to the National Safety Council, traffic death rates are up to three times greater at night than during the day. Highway maintenance vehicles, such as bulldozers, often move slowly on or next to the road. They are usually painted orange. Be prepared to slow down or stop for them. When you see orange equipment on the road, people on foot are often working nearby.
Shared Flashcard Set
Visit MyFlorida. Good driving is based on practice and being alert at the wheel. When driving, you must make sure that nothing interferes with your ability to see the road, react to situations or operate your vehicle properly. You must look down the road, to the sides and behind your vehicle and be alert for unexpected events. Be alert to what is going on around you and do not take your eyes off the road for more than a few seconds at the time. Do not have objects inside your vehicle that might interfere with your ability to drive safely. This might include objects that obstruct your view of the road or mirrors. Bad Driving Habits: Good drivers develop habits that focus their full attention on driving. Some drivers can develop bad habits that can be very dangerous when driving.
Best Ways To Drive In Traffic
Scanning your surroundings keeping your eyes moving includes keeping a safe distance around your vehicle. When another driver makes a mistake, you need time to react. Give yourself this reaction time by keeping enough space on all sides of your vehicle. This space will give you room to brake or maneuver if necessary. To avoid last minute moves, scan the road 10—15 seconds ahead of your vehicle so you can see hazards early.
Learn more. You must drive a safe distance behind a vehicle travelling in front of you. Following another vehicle too closely is known as tailgating.
What are the rules of passing another vehicle?
Explanation : Whenever you drive, you should make sure everyone in your vehicle wears a seat belt. In the event of a crash, a person without a belt becomes a projectile, and a danger to everyone else in the vehicle. Explanation : Your lane position should: Increase your ability to see and be seen.
You agree to a test of your breath or blood, if a police officer has reasonable grounds to determine if you have been driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Shared Flashcard Set. Description driving test for liscense. Total Cards Subject Driving Skills.
Visual Targeting Strategies While Driving
Drive slower when there are many vehicles close together on the road. Otherwise stopping safely will be harder because you have less room. Drive slower so you can stop in the distance you have. How Fast Is Traffic Moving? Collisions tend to happen when one driver is going faster or slower than other cars on the road. If you are going faster than traffic, you will have to keep passing other cars. Each time you pass another car, there is more chance for a collision. The car you are passing may change lanes suddenly.
Speed causes many crashes. More drivers are convicted of speeding than any other offense. To avoid being fined or involved in a crash, obey the speed limits. Speed is very important in a collision.
Study Questions with Answers
Following too closely or tailgating is one of the top reasons for automobile collisions. Tailgating is the fifth leading cause of auto collisions according to the US Department of Public Safety. You as a driver should keep a proper following distance between you and the vehicle in front of you.
Florida Speed Limits
Any time you make traffic maneuvers such as changing lanes or passing other vehicles, you are creating a risk for yourself and others on the road. So, unless it is needed, avoid making unnecessary traffic maneuvers such as continuously changing lanes or passing other vehicles. If you are approaching a vehicle in front of you that drives noticeably slower than the flow of traffic and speed limit, this situation can cause you a risk, and you realized that it is safe to pass the slow-moving vehicle, then it makes sense to pass that vehicle. Never drive faster than the flow of traffic, or over the speed limit, or at a speed that is unsafe for the current traffic, weather or road condition in order to pass other vehicles.